Essay on The Impact of Industrialization
908 Words4 Pages
During the 19th century, modifications and innovative ideas formed what would shape the face of the modern world. Industrialization was the shift from an agrarian and handmade economy to a machine and manufactured one (Judge 664). It transpired in Britain first and eventually spread across the Atlantic and the United States. Industrialization helped pave the way towards more workers’ rights, stronger nations, improved economies, and improvements for the middle and lower classes. The movement for workers’ rights became significant during the 19th century due to the formation of labor unions and the concept of collective bargaining. Workers were expected to work according to terms laid out by their employers, which included low pay and…show more content…
The British had an array of assets, such as the machinery and labor forces required to operate them, that contributed to them being the first industrialized nation (Judge 668). The Netherlands was the second industrialized economy after Britain. Their success was on account of earlier advances in agriculture, and coal and iron deposits along with assistance from the British. The nation built railways as banks provided credit for the financing of industrial ventures in the 1830s. France and German states lagged behind due to political and financial instability. However, after the political unification of Germany in 1871, the industrialization period transpired swiftly (Judge 669). The government supported railways, an education system to provide literate workers, and laws enabling corporations to collaborate in setting prices and production quotas. With care and skill, the nation even surpassed Britain in the 1900s. Alternating from republic to empire, the French lagged behind due to their diplomatic and military setbacks (Judge 681). The most prominent growth was seen in the United States after the Civil War (Judge 669). United as one nation, the country moved towards a fully supported industry with a huge labor force expanding due to mass immigration from Europe. With such significant growth, the United States was the dominant figure
American Industrialization Essay
578 Words3 Pages
Between 1865 and 1920, industrialization caused significant changes in many people’s lives. First, the development of a new railroad system help settle the west and made it more accessible to people. Second, public transit systems in big cities provided an outlet from congested cities. Last, the discovery of a method for transmitting electricity helped to light up our daily lives. I feel that these are three of the most important changes in people’s lives caused by industrialization.
First, the building of railroads out west played a huge part in the successful expansion of our country and the fulfillment of American dreams. Priot to the development of a more efficient railroad system, the movement of people and freight were…show more content…
Through the development of a transcontinental railroad system, the west was settled and many American dreams were in reach.
Second, the development of new public transit systems, was important in shaping the design of our cities and the growth of our cities by enabling people to move further away from the inner city. Early on, large cities had very little and inadequate transportation. Their main source of transportation were horse drawn wagons and walking. As a result, most people lived or took housing near downtown, which was where most of the working establishments were located. This made the big cities very congested. However with the breakthrough of the “el”, electric streetcars, and subways, around 1867, cities began to open up more. Those who were fortunate enough to move out of the slums and into better surrounding neighborhoods, did so. The more affluent of the white-collar classes moved into the suburban areas. In contrast, many of the very wealthy continued to live in city mansions. The new transit systems in most cities allowed people to escape the chaos of urban life and provided potential for growth of our cities.
Last, Thomas Edison’s discovery of electricity and a method of transmitting it, was significant in many ways. Due to this discovery, businesses could operate around the clock. We were no longer limited to the