Feg 02 Assignment 2013

 

FOUNDATION COURSE IN ENGLISH

-

2 (FEG

-

02)

Programme:

BDPI2011-12

Course Code: FEG

-

02Dear Student,

You are required to do

one

assignment for the Foundation Course in English

-

02. It is aTutor Marked Assignment

(TMA)

and carries

100

marks.

It

covers four blocks of the

coursc.

Aims:

The

'TMA

is primarily concerned with assessing your writing and study skills.You should not reproduce chunks of information from the units but effectively use theskills that you may have acquired during the course of study to compose your answers.

7T'liese

assignments

aim

to teach as well as to assess your performance.

.

Gnidelines:

You will be required to write a paragraph, an essay, reports, make notes andsummarize.As in day

-

to

-

day

life,

planning

is important in attempting the assignment as well. Readthe assignment carefully; go through the units on which the questions are based; jot down

some

points regarding each question and then re

-

arrange them in a logical order. Payattention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must tell you how tointerpret the given topic

,and

how you propose to develop it.

?'he

conclusion mustsummarize your views on the topic.

Makc

sure that your answer:

a,)

is

logical

b)

is written in simple and correct English

C)

does

not exceed the number of words indicated in your questions

d)

is

written neatly and

c!early.

Please remember that it is

~ompulsory

to submit your assignment before you cantake the Term End Examination. Also remember to keep a copy of your assignmentwith you and to take a receipt from your Study Centre when you submit theassignment.

The completed assignment should be sent to the Coordinator at the Study Centre allotted to you.Last date for submission of AssignmentFor June

Exam

For December Exam

3

1

"

March

3oth

September

Good Luck!Note:

 Remember the submission of assignment is precondition of permission of appearing inexamination. If you have not submitted the assignment in time you will not be allowed  to appear in examination.

Unformatted text preview: KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 F.E.G.-2 Foundation Course in English-2 2016-17 Q.1.Read the following passage and make notes in an appropriate format: Ans: Demographic Features. • Situated in Carpathiach Basin • Slovakia inNorth. • Romania in East • Serbia in South • Croatia in South-west • Austria in North-west • UKraine in North-East • Budapest-Capital • Member of Europain Union, NATO, OECD, the viregrad ro group and schenger Area. • Hungarian-Language. Geography • Two main was water ways- Danube and Tisza rivers • Tripartite division–Dunantul, Tiszantul and Duna-Tisza Koze Culture • Folk music • Classical music • Famous music acadamy by Ferenc Erkel and Franz Lisz Cuisine • Goulash • Paprika • Sour cream • Fisherman’s soup Textile • Oriantal Design • Altar Cloths 1 KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 Q.2. Write a summary of the passage and suggest a suitable title. Ans: Hungary - Al Masaood Travel Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Its capital, Budapest, is bisected by the Danube River. Its cityscape is studded with architectural landmarks from Buda’s medieval Castle Hill and grand neoclassical buildings along Pest’s Andrássy Avenue to the 19th-century Chain Bridge. Turkish and Roman influence on Hungarian culture includes the popularity of mineral spas, including at thermal Lake Hévíz. Hungary's geography has traditionally been defined by its two main waterways, the Danube and Tisza rivers. The Duna-Tisza köze and Tiszántúl are characterized mainly by the Great Hungarian Plain (Alföld), which stretches across most of the eastern and southeastern areas of the country. Notable architectural styles in Hungary include Historicism and Art Nouveau, or rather several variants of Art Nouveau. The music of Hungary consists mainly of traditional Hungarian folk music and music by prominent composers such as Liszt and Bartók, considered to be the greatest Hungarian composers. Q. 3. Write a paragraph of 100-150 words on any one of the following topics: Ans: Friendship Friendship is a feeling of love and affection of one person for another. This feeling of love must be reciprocated. Otherwise friendship cannot be possible. Friendship does not exist where tastes, feelings and sentiments are not similar. The famous essayist Bacon has warned against the friendship between a very rich person and a very poor person. Economic disparity damages friendship. Thus friendship is a feeling of affection between two likeminded persons of uniform status. It is said that a friend in need is a friend in deed. There may be many friends at the time of prosperity. But most of them desert at the time of adversity. We can examine the sincerity of a friend during our time of hardship and trouble. Only a sincere and faithful friend remains with us at the time of our trouble. All others leave us. It is very painful when our friends turn traitors. Money is an enemy of friendship. Everybody has an attraction for money. When lending or borrowing of money is done between two friends, there is great risk. Friendship may be affected. So it is wise for true friends to avoid monetary transaction. Vanity is another element which breaks friendship. Everybody has self-respect. When a person tries to criticise his friend, their friendship is affected. So friendship must be treated very delicately. Very often some hypocrites pretend to be friends. They are more dangerous than avowed enemies. By telling soft words they bring enormous ruin to us. A true friend never exploits. He rather surrenders. But at present, the meaning of friendship has changed. There are many fair-weathered friends. They terminate their friendly tie as soon as their interests are fulfilled. It is very difficult to find a true friend today. It is better to establish true friendship with 2 KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 either a dog or an elephant. Both these beasts will remain faithful to their human friends. Today, friendship between two persons is short-lived. Good friends exercise good influence. They always help their friends, in distress and inspire them to walk on the right path. But evil friends ruin us completely. Q. 4. Write a composition of 250-300 words based on any one of the pictures given below: Ans: Agriculture in India The importance of agriculture to our economy can hardly be over-emphasized. It is the most important source of raw materials to feed our industries It provides employment to about 70 percent of our total labour force. It contributes more than 40 percent to our total national income. And it is one of the major foreign exchange earners for our economy. But unfortunately, it does not .appear to be as sound as it should have been. The basic industry of India is agriculture. India is the greatest grower of sugarcane in the world and she stands second in the production of rice and tobacco. In cotton, only the U.S.A. can surpass her. She is second to none in the world in the production of groundnuts. She is the biggest producer of tea, except China. In jute and lac, she holds monopoly in the world. In the light of this, it is indeed sorrowfully surprising that India is faced with deficit in her food requirements. It requires a complete analysis of the situation. A variety of factors, natural, technological, institutional, economic and social can be cited to explain the backwardness of our agriculture Nature is bounteous and gives us all, but it gives erratically and often snatches with one hand what it gives with the other. If monsoons are kind, fields look resplendent with bright green saplings but hailstorms lash there mercilessly or floods wash them away, and if we are fortunate enough to escape the wrath of all this, we are sure to be oppressed by locusts and other pest epidemics. The last three years saw severe drought conditions in the country especially in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Technological factors include primitive equipment, lack of irrigation facilities and inadequate availability of fertilizers. Institutional factors imply uneconomical size of holdings and defective land-tenurial system. Social and economic factors include the ignorance and superstitiousness of the farmers and their vulnerability on financial issues. The problem of agriculture in India should be tackled on a scientific basis. The programme of intensive cultivation should be launched upon. We should raise the low yield of every crop by bringing into service all the knowledge and implements which the modern science has given us. The Indian farmer is conservative, orthodox and illiterate and is not readily willing to give up the age-old methods of cultivation which are out of date now. Her unprogressive outlook is the greatest hurdle in 3 KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 the way of improvement in agriculture. The National Government has to make a great change in the farmer's outlook before launching upon any scheme for agricultural development in India. It is the duty of the Government to supply better seeds and fertilizers. Farmers have to be trained in the use of scientific implements and chemical fertilizers, Cow dung and other animal droppings should be checked from being used as fuel. Irrigation is a very important factor m Indian agriculture. The farmers should not be left any longer at the mercy of rains. India has big resources of water, but at present, the bulk of this water moves about in ferocious floods causing great damage to life and property. This water has to be utilized properly. New canals should be dug out and tube wells should be bored in such a number that Indian farmers may -get sufficient water for irrigation in time. The total area under cultivation should be increased by means of reclamation. The fallow land should be brought under the plough and there, should be proper distribution of land. In spite of ceiling on land, some people in India have too much of land while some are still landless. Cooperative farming in our country is not possible at present. It may be adopted on a small scale or for the sake of experiment. If it has to prove useful, it should be adopted on a large scale. As a national scheme, it should be adopted at least for three decades. Within this time, Indian farmers will be mentally and technically intelligent enough to understand the advantages of cooperative farming. Cattle have been the greatest source of wealth in India. Unluckily, Indians are indifferent towards their bullocks who form the backbone of Indian agriculture. They are of poor quality. All the farmers of India can never be in a position to have tractors. They will have to depend on bullocks more or less. So, they should have healthy and good bullocks. Improvement of our agricultural productivity calls for the fulfillment of three basic conditions. An economically viable technology should be easily available so that farmers can dispense with outmoded implements of agriculture. Next, they should find within easy approach cheap credit and an efficient network so that they can avail themselves of the technology available to them. Finally, land reform programme should be implemented more genuinely so that the benefits of an easily available technology can really percolate to the small farmer. There can be hardly any meaningful growth unless technology, cheap credit and land reforms coincide. Social organizations should be set up to fight pest epidemics. Greater attention should be paid to the public storage system so that our agricultural produce can be satisfactorily preserved both qualitatively and quantitatively. If we need efficient technology to promote growth, we need equally efficient post-harvest technology to preserve what we have produced. Last of all, if this agricultural produce can be equitably distributed, it will ensure optimum utilization of our production. Indian farmers lack in initiative. They require guidance, mechanization, better seeds and fertilizers, technical education to farmers, sufficient means of irrigation equal distribution of land and the introduction of scientific methods will certainly revolutionize Indian agriculture. We must try to 4 KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 make agriculture attractive and remunerative for modern youths. It is by then that Indian agriculture will be improved. Q.5.You are the secretary of the Literary Forum of your institution. Write a report in 250 words of a meeting held to discuss the upgrading of library facilities. Ans: Report on Upgrading Literary Facilities in India Literacy and level of education are basic indicators of the level of development achieved by a society. Spread of literacy is generally associated with important traits of modern civilization such as modernization, urbanization, industrialization, communication and commerce. Literacy forms an important input in overall development of individuals enabling them to comprehend their social, political and cultural environment better and respond to it appropriately. Higher levels of education and literacy lead to a greater awareness and also contributes in improvement of economic and social conditions. It acts as a catalyst for social upliftment enhancing the returns on investment made in almost every aspect of development effort, be it population control, health, hygiene, environmental degradation control, employment of weaker sections of the society. The Census 2013 provisional reports indicate that India has made significant progress in the field of literacy during the decade since the previous census in 1991. The literacy rate in 2001 has been recorded at 64.84% as against 52.21% in 1991. The 12.63 percentage points increase in the literacy rate during the period is the highest increase in any decade. Also for the first time there is a decline in the absolute number of non-literates during the past 10 years. The total number of non-literates has come down from 328 million in 1991 to 304 million in 2001. During 1991-2000, the population in 7+ age group increased by 176 millions while 201 million additional persons became literate during that period. Out of 864 million people above the age of 7 years, 560 million are now literates. Three-fourths of our male population and more than half of the female population are literate. This indeed is an encouraging indicator for us to speed up our march towards the goal of achieving a sustainable threshold literacy rate of 75% by 2007. The Census 2001 provisional figures also indicate that the efforts of the nation during the past decade to remove the scourge of illiteracy have not gone in vain. The eradication of illiteracy from a vast country like India beset by several social and economic hurdles is not an easy task. Realising this the National Literacy Mission was set up on 5 May 1988 to impart a new sense of urgency and seriousness to adult education. After the success of the areas specific, time bound, voluntary based campaign approach first in Kottayam city and then in Ernakulum district in Kerala in 1990, the National Literacy Mission had accepted the literacy campaigns as the dominant strategy for eradication of illiteracy. Out of 600 districts in the country, 597 districts have already been covered under Total Literacy Campaigns. 5 KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 The number of continuing education districts is 328. The creditable performance of the National Literacy Mission received international recognition when it was awarded the UNESCO Noma Literacy Prize for 1999. Raman 6. Write a report in 250 words of an interview you had with the President of your students union regarding his/her plans for making your institution environment-friendly. Ans. Report Dated: 7.10.2016 Recently I met the president of the student union to make the plan regarding how to increase the awareness of students about the environment. And I am sharing all my experiences in this report. Living on a college campus means that everything is easy to access and convenient. Too often this convenience leads students to become wasteful and thoughtless about their impact on the environment. Instead of producing more garbage and wasting energy, consider taking a green approach. Here are 5 ways for college students to be environmentally friendly on campus. 1. Since college students aren't responsible for paying their electric bills, many disregard their use of lights and electronics. However, using unnecessary energy is wasteful and increases your carbon footprint tremendously. Get in the habit of turning off equipment, lights, computers and other electronics when you are not in the room and when you aren't using them. These simple changes in your daily habits can help save a watt and make your campus greener. 2. When eating in the dining hall, avoid the to-go trays and containers. While these are convenient when you are running to class or back to your dorm, only use them when necessary. Disposable utensils, plates and bowls are really bad for the environment and get thrown away after one use. If you have to use them, try recycling whenever possible. If you can, the best option is to eat in the dining hall and use reusable plates and metal forks that can be washed and used again. This reduces your waste and is a more sustainable practice. 3. At the end of a semester, often students have lots of old items or even furniture that they no longer have use for. All too often you will see tons of these items stack in the dumpsters around campus. Sadly many of these items are in good condition and the owners simply have no more use for them. Instead of throwing them away as trash, consider recycling them by giving them to an underclassmen, donating them to a Good Will store, or even selling them on Craig list to earn a few extra bucks and get the items off of your hands. 4. Get involved on campus. Often campuses will have an environmental club. If they don't already have one, consider getting some friends together to start one! This is a great way to spread awareness 6 KIRTI EDUCATION CENTRE PREM SIR 9811810567 MAIL AT: [email protected], or [email protected] Visit regularly at: kirtieducation.blogspot.com, kirtieducation.com Facebook page: prem567 What’s app/Call: 9811810567 Call: 09958202309 about eco-friendly habits and daily choices so that the campus as a whole can make strides towards maintaining an environmentally friendly campus. Plus, your college or university will appreciate this and will likely help you out since many campuses are striving to go green to improve their business practices and improve the reputation and appearance of the school. 5. Finally, talk to your dining services about making green choices in the dining hall. Your school can go green by buying local or organic foods. This is good for the environment, student health, as well as the local farming economy. In addition, your dining services can make a difference by switching to energy efficient light bulbs and low-flow water dispensers. Pankaj 7 ...
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