In recent years, we have witnessed robots and machines replacing many jobs that used to be done by people. The questions on everyone’s mind are when will it stop, will robots replace humans in everything, what jobs will be left? As technology continues to progress, robots are becoming cleverer than people and computers learn to perform tasks with greater efficiency than us, it is worrying to think that one day robots will be in every work place and there will be less and less jobs available for people.
Computers bring many benefits for companies, who make fewer mistakes, save money and work faster and more precisely. This is why many businesses in all fields are beginning to use more machines.
Once upon a time, people built cars and drove them. Machines can now do both of these tasks, with robots developed that can drive cars safely, which could mean job losses in the future for bus and taxi drivers. For years now machines have slowly been taking over the role of building cars, in every company and every factory. Toyota however, has decided to take a pace back and hire more human employees, as they feel that as long as they are well trained and really understand the task they are doing, they will bring better quality work than robots. Toyota’s opinion is that machines are like a lot of average workers, whereas people who are trained well are like masters in the workplace, therefore creating better products.
There are now less people employed in the retail and bank industries, as self-serve machines and ATMs mean that customers can do most task themselves on these, and fewer employees are needed. This is the same for pharmacies, where some are now using robots instead of people to fill in prescriptions. There is even software now that can generate stories and articles, which means less work for writers and reporters, and software that can review documents that would have previously been analyzed by lawyers.
Machines can now do a lot of human tasks, with even robot astronauts being developed by NASA. Soldiers are also slowing being replaced, first by drones and also with robot soldiers being developed, though this may be seen as an advantage to many as it will save lives.
There are now over 1.2 million industrial machines and robots working across the globe, and will grow as technology advances. However there are many fields in which humans will not be able to be replaced, like artistic jobs that use our creativity and imagination, something that computers are not able to reach and places such as hospitals. Whilst there are now robots that are performing surgery, not all tasks in a hospital can be undertaken by robots. They may have steadier hands, but aren’t capable of connecting on a human level with patients.
Robots are unable to show compassion like people do and should never be able to replace us when it comes to human interaction.
Essay No. 01
Future of Robotics
A technological revolution is taking place in the area of machine tools, inspection devices and handling equipment. This new revolution has been triggered off by electronics and sustained by ever-increasing capabilities of computers. This has led to emergence of a new technology called mechtronics symbolizing the synthesis of mechanical aspects.
Robotics is the study of the design and use of robots i.e. the machines programmed to carry out a series of operation without human guidance. The world ‘robotics’ was invented by the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov.
Computer-controlled robots are used in industry for welding, assembling and machining, and to handle various materials. Non-industrial applications of robots include marine work, space word, bionomics, farm work, mining, nuclear work, security guarding, sheep-shaving, simulation, warehouse, micro-surgery, etc.
Man is a social animal and as such shares his life with others. He enters into social relationship with other human beings to make life worth living. To further strengthen this bond of relationship and make life more meaningful, cohesive, disciplined and profitable, the political institution called State has been created. A State makes a particular society more organized, united, purposeful and disciplined and thereby ensures better standard of living and growth,. There is better sense of belonging, likeness and commonness because of a State. The State imparts a sense of nationality, patriotism, and togetherness to a society. Therefore, it is in the fitness of the scheme that a State should always aim at welfare of the individual and the society as a whole. The concept of the State as a mere instrument of political power or the Police State is now no more acceptable. Maintenance of law and order, internal security, disciplines et. Are the essential duties of a government in a State but within the framework of social welfare?
All of them do no suit neither the students nor the society for which they are going to be prepared. The hue and cry about the curricula and pattern of examinations is so great that some people consider it the real bane of the system and every time when there is a revising of text books and the curricula, the changes worsen the position and do not solve the main problem.
It is human beings who make science. Ills of science like the destructive power of nuclear weapons, the erosion of values because of spread of gross materialism, ever increasing depletion of natural resources, degradation and pollution of the environment etc. are actually the ills of man using science in a way that is destructive, undesirable and unholy. It is because the scientist in man has deviated from his social commitments, social conscience. Therefore, there are some sections in the society who want an immediate halt to the growth of scientific researches and studies.
Robots for space: – Computer Scientists have designed an intelligent flying robot to carry out a wide range of tasks on Mars, if it is visited by a possible future European space Agency Mars Lander Mission in 2005. Named Altari-1, the craft has been designed primarily to carry science packages, micro-robots and other equipment form one part of the planet to another.
Robotics in India
In India, a few research groups have been working on development of robots, but a breakthrough is yet to be made in the file of robots for large-scale industrial application. The groups working on robotics include R and D of the Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT), the Central Machine Tools Institute (CMIT), and the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras.
Essay No. 02
The word robot is means ‘Slave in origin’ and is related to the words for work and worker. Robots first appeared in a play, Rossum’s Universal Robots, written in 1920 by the Czech playwright, Karel Capek. The play describes the story of an engineer who designs man-like machines that have no human weakness and become immensely popular. However, when the robots are used for war they rebel against their human masters. Though industrial robots do dull, dehumanising work, they are nevertheless a delight to watch as they crane their long necks, move their heads: There are numerous “personal” robots now on the market, the ril0s 1 popular of which is HERO, manufactured by Heathkit. Looking like a plastic step stool on wheels, it can lift objects with its one clawed arm and utter computer-synthesized speech. There’s another robo named Hubot, which comes with a television screen face, flashing lights and a computer keyboard that pulls out from its stomach. Hubot moves at a pace of 30 cm per second and can function as a burglar alarm and a wake up service.
The robots working at Chrysler and in various other modern factories are extremely adept at executing highly specialized tasks —one robot may spray paint car parts while another does spots welds while another pours radioactive chemicals..Robots are ideal workers: they never get bored and they can be made to work round the clock besides they’re flexible. By changing its programming we can instruct a robot to perform different tasks at our own will. Some critics complain that robots are stealing much-needed jobs away from people; so far they’ve been given only the dreariest, dirtiest, most soul-destroying work. We may dream of living like a lazy king surrounded by a coterie of metal maids, but any further automation in your home will instead include things like lights that switch on automatically when the natural light dims or carpets with permanent suction systems built into them.
Robot engineers have realized that the big challenge is not in putting together the nuts and bolts, but in devising the lists of instructions—the “software—which tell robots when and what to do”. There are computer programs that diagnose medical ailments and search valuable ore deposits. You may have heard of computer programs that play and win at chess, checkers and go. The robots are undoubtedly getting smarter and smarter. The biggest challenge in robotics today is designing software, which can help robots to perform a complex task. Seemingly sophisticated tasks such as robots do in the factories can often be relatively easy to program, while the ordinary, everyday things people do—walking, reading a letter, planning a trip to the grocery store—poses a great deal of difficulty. The day has still to come when a computer program can do anything more than a highly specialized and very delicate task. Another trouble with robots in the house for example, is that life there is so unpredictable, as it is everywhere else outside the assembly line. In a house, things get moved around, kids and petsare always running around. Robots work efficiently on the strict instructions line (software) where there is no variation, but they are not good at improvisation. A majority of the computer scientists who are attempting to make robots brighter are said to working in the field of Artificial Intelligence (Al). These researchers face a main problem in ascertaining what intelligence is. Many in Al hold the view that the human mind works according to a set of formal rules. They believe that the mind is a clockwork mechanism and that human judgement is simply calculation. Once these formal rules of thought can be discovered, they will simply be applied to machines. On the other hand, there are those critics of Al who contend that human consciousness is a stream in which ideas bubble up from the bottom or jump into the air like fish. This debate over intelligence and mind is, of course, one that has gone on for thousands of years. Before the arrival of robotic era we must chalk out some tasks cut out for ourselves, which can keep us busy.