Special Assignment South Africa Episodes Showtime

While the world-class city is almost running on empty, Capetonians are struggling to stave off Da...y Zero, the day the city’s water supply will have run dry. Four million Capetonians will have to queue for their 25 litres of water each per day.

While the city has been scrambling for solutions to its water supply, Capetonians have managed to reduce their water consumption to 50 litres per day. A three-year drought and the expansion of the city’s population by 80% in the last few years, with an increase in water resources of only 15%, are some of the main reasons for the water shortage. It has been announced that Cape Town's supply of water will cease in July 2018 if there is not significant rainfall.

The city was warned as far back as 2007 that it would have to find alternative water sources by 2017. The National Department of Water and Sanitation, the City of Cape Town and the Provincial Government, appear to be more preoccupied with blaming each other rather than with working together to end Cape Town’s water shortage crisis.

Is the Day-Zero warning campaign a scare tactic devised by the City of Cape Town and the Western Cape after decades of wasteful consumption on the part of the city and; has this crisis made the city more water-wise?

DO OR DRY is produced by Hazel Friedman

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Penny Dreadful is a British-American horror drama television series created for Showtime and Sky by John Logan, who also acts as executive producer alongside Sam Mendes. The show was originally pitched to several US and UK channels, and eventually landed with Showtime,[1] with Sky Atlantic as co-producer.[2] It premiered at the South by Southwest film festival on March 9 and began airing on television on April 28, 2014, on Showtime on Demand.[3][4] The series premiered on Showtime on May 11, 2014, the first in an eight-episode season.[5] After the third-season finale on June 19, 2016, series creator John Logan announced that Penny Dreadful had ended as the main story had reached its conclusion.[6][7]

The title refers to the penny dreadfuls, a type of 19th-century British fiction publication with lurid and sensational subject matter. The series draws upon many public domain characters from 19th-century British and Irish Gothic fiction, including Dorian Gray from Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray; Mina Harker, Abraham Van Helsing, Dr. Seward, Renfield, and Count Dracula from Bram Stoker's Dracula; Victor Frankenstein and his monster from Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; and Dr. Henry Jekyll from Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Episodes[edit]

Main article: List of Penny Dreadful episodes

Cast and characters[edit]

Main cast[edit]

  • Reeve Carney as Dorian Gray, a charismatic man who is ageless and immortal.[8]
  • Timothy Dalton as Sir Malcolm Murray, a hardened explorer of the African continent, on a deeply personal quest to save the remaining members of his family.[9]
  • Eva Green as Vanessa Ives, an enigmatic, quietly driven heroine who proves herself a force to be reckoned with as she battles powerful, relentless forces from the underworld.[10]
  • Rory Kinnear as the Creature, a creation Frankenstein abruptly abandoned, who, not given a name, variously uses the aliases Caliban and John Clare.[11]
  • Billie Piper as Brona Croft / Lily Frankenstein, an Irish immigrant seeking to escape her brutal, violent past.[12]
  • Danny Sapani as Sembene, a mysterious long-time ally of Sir Malcolm (seasons 1–2).[13]
  • Harry Treadaway as Dr. Victor Frankenstein, an arrogant, reclusive young doctor whose ambition and research involve transcending the barrier between life and death.[14]
  • Josh Hartnett as Ethan Chandler (born Ethan Lawrence Talbot), a charming, brash and daring American man of action with uncanny marksmanship, who detests violence, and is more complicated than he likes to admit.[10]
  • Helen McCrory as Evelyn Poole, a professional spiritualist known by the alias Madame Kali who is secretly the leader of a powerful coven of witches called "Nightcomers" (season 2, recurring season 1).[13]
  • Simon Russell Beale as Ferdinand Lyle, an eccentric Egyptologist (season 2, recurring seasons 1 and 3).[13]
  • Patti LuPone as Dr. Florence Seward, an alienist or early psychotherapist treating Vanessa's depression (season 3; LuPone previously guest-starred as Joan Clayton in season 2)[15][16]
  • Wes Studi as Kaetenay, an Apache with a connection to Ethan, who becomes an ally to Sir Malcolm (season 3).[15]

Supporting cast[edit]

Introduced in season 1
  • Olivia Llewellyn as Mina Harker, Sir Malcolm's daughter and Vanessa's childhood friend who has been abducted (seasons 1–2).
  • Alex Price as Proteus, a new creation of Dr. Frankenstein's, named after the literary character of the same name, who was killed by the Creature (seasons 1–2).
  • Lorcan Cranitch as Inspector Goldsworthy, by the London police (season 1).
  • Robert Nairne as the Vampire, an evil creature who leads a cabal of undead and the abducted Mina Harker (season 1).
  • Olly Alexander as Fenton, a vampire minion (season 1).
  • Graham Butler as Peter Murray, Sir Malcolm's son, who died accompanying his father on one of his expeditions (seasons 1–2).
  • Noni Stapleton as Gladys Murray, Sir Malcolm's estranged wife and mother of Mina and Peter (seasons 1–2).
  • Alun Armstrong as Vincent Brand, the leader of a troupe of actors in residence at the Grand Guignol (season 1).[11]
  • Hannah Tointon as Maud Gunneson, an actress at the Grand Guignol, and object of the Creature's affection (season 1).
  • Gavin Fowler as Simon, Maud's partner who mistreats the Creature (season 1).
  • David Warner as Abraham Van Helsing, a haematologist and colleague of Frankenstein (season 1).
  • Stephen Lord as Warren Roper, a Pinkerton agent hired to bring Ethan back to the United States (seasons 1–2).
Introduced in season 2
  • Sarah Greene as Hecate Poole, Evelyn's eldest daughter (seasons 2–3).
  • Nicole O'Neill, Olivia Chenery and Charlotte Beckett as minor witches of Evelyn's coven. (season 2)
  • Douglas Hodge as Bartholomew Rusk, a Scotland Yard police inspector investigating the grisly Mariner's Inn Massacre (seasons 2–3).
  • Jack Hickey as the Junior Inspector working with Rusk (seasons 2–3).
  • Jonny Beauchamp as Angelique, a mysterious transgender woman who gains Dorian's attention (season 2).
  • David Haig as Oscar Putney, the owner of a struggling wax museum who employs the Creature for his own nefarious reasons (season 2).
  • Ruth Gemmell as Octavia Putney, Oscar's wife who is uneasy about the Creature and treats him cruelly (season 2).
  • Tamsin Topolski as Lavinia Putney, the blind daughter of the Creature's new employers, with whom he develops a specious friendship (season 2).
  • Ronan Vibert as Sir Geoffrey Hawkes, a rich landowner who fell under Evelyn's sway (season 2).
Introduced in season 3
  • Shazad Latif as Dr. Henry Jekyll / Lord Hyde, a chemist and college friend of Dr. Frankenstein (season 3).[15]
  • Christian Camargo as Dracula, the brother of Lucifer who fell to Earth to feed on the blood of the living as the first vampire. In London, he takes the guise of kindly zoologist Dr. Alexander Sweet to captivate Vanessa (season 3).[15]
  • Samuel Barnett as Renfield, Dr. Seward's secretary who becomes involved with Dracula (season 3).[15]
  • Sebastian Croft and Jack Greenlees as minor vampires serving Dracula (season 3).
  • Casper Allpress and Pandora Colin as Jack and Marjorie, the Creature's son and wife from when still alive (season 3).
  • Cokey Falkow as Scarman, a gunman in the service of Ethan's father (season 3).
  • Jessica Barden as Justine, a homeless, brutalized young prostitute who becomes an acolyte to Lily (season 3).[15]
  • Sean Gilder as Marshall Franklin Ostow, a Western lawman, aiding Rusk in the hunt for Ethan (season 3).
  • Brian Cox as Jared Talbot, a ruthless, powerful American rancher and the estranged father of Ethan (season 3).[17]
  • Perdita Weeks as Catriona Hartdegen, a thanatologist scholar with expert knowledge of the supernatural (season 3).

Notable non-recurring cast include Mary Stockley as Dr. Frankenstein's mother Caroline, Anna Chancellor as Vanessa's mother Claire, and Frank McCusker as Dr. Christopher Banning, overseeing Vanessa's treatment while institutionalized, all appearing in flashbacks during the first season, as well as Oliver Cotton as Father Matthew, having been requested to perform an exorcism on Vanessa in the first season's penultimate episode.

Production and development[edit]

In January 2013, it was announced that Showtime had made a series commitment for the project. Logan and Mendes previously wrote and directed Skyfall, respectively. Production began in London in the second half of 2013. Showtime president David Nevins stated that the tone of the ensemble series will be "very realistic and very grounded, not Bela Lugosi. All exist in human form in turn-of-century London." This was also reflected during production of the sound for the show, where Logan often pulled things back towards more realism.[18] Logan, a lifelong fan of literary monsters, wrote the project on spec and scripts the majority of episodes of the series. It was intended that Mendes would direct episodes, but scheduling prevented this.[19]

Juan Antonio Bayona was announced as director for the first two episodes.[20] The remaining episodes of the first season were directed by Dearbhla Walsh, Coky Giedroyc, and James Hawes.

In March 2013, it was announced that the series would be filmed in the United Kingdom; eyeing the new UK tax credit for high-end TV productions that offers a 25% rebate.[21] However, it was reported in August that production would instead take place in Bray's Ardmore Studios and other locations around Dublin, Ireland, because of the country's section 481 tax incentives. Filming began on October 7 and lasted 5 months.[22] Reports indicate that the change was made as no stage space of a sufficient caliber was available due to the filming of major motion pictures in London.[23]

In December 2013, Showtime announced its first production blog for a series with the launch of The Penny Dreadful Production Blog. The venue gives viewers an online, behind-the-scenes look at the series' production from its early stages of filming in Ireland through the end of the first season, featuring interviews with cast and crew.[24] In February 2014, Showtime released a full-length trailer for the series.[25]

Logan revealed at the 2014 San Diego Comic-Con International panel that one of the texts he thought about while planning the series that he would like to use in a future season is The Island of Doctor Moreau.[26] In an interview with Entertainment Weekly prior to the premiere of the third season, Logan stated that the addition of Dr. Henry Jekyll was implemented because the rights to Doctor Moreau were not available.[16]

Showtime announced shortly before the end of the first and second seasons that another season (of 10 and 9 episodes, respectively) would debut the following May.[27][28][29][30] However, Logan had decided during the middle of the second season that the third season should be the last, and he pitched the third season to Showtime president David Nevins accordingly. They did not release this information until after the final season had completed, as Nevins stated, "given what I knew the ending of Penny Dreadful was going to be felt like a massive spoiler and it felt disrespectful to the experience that people were having with the show." Logan said regarding not releasing the information: "That's what the ending of this series is, it is meant to be a strong, bold, theatrical ending because I think that's what our fans like and to water that down with an announcement or having them know I think would be an act of bad faith."[6]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

The first season of Penny Dreadful received positive reviews from critics, with a Metacritic rating of 70 out of 100 based on 37 reviews.[31] It holds a 79 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes, with an average score of 7.4 out of 10, based on 56 reviews, with the site's consensuses stating, "Skillfully shot and superbly acted, Penny Dreadful is perplexing in a good way – even if it's a bit silly at times."[32] The first season was described "as riotous as it is ridiculous, taking the macabre to new heights (or depths)" by The Guardian reviewer Ben Hewitt.[33]

The second season also received positive reviews from critics. On Metacritic, it has a score of 77 out of 100 based on 14 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[34] On Rotten Tomatoes, it holds a 100 percent rating with an average score of 7.6 out of 10 based on 19 reviews, with the site's consensus stating, "Penny Dreadful's second season maintains the show's intense, bloody drama, utilizing a vast array of fascinating characters and locales to tell a unique story."[35]

The third season received very positive reviews from critics. On Metacritic, it has a score of 83 out of 100 based on 9 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[36] On Rotten Tomatoes, it holds a 100 percent rating with an average score of 8.1 out of 10 based on 11 reviews, with the site's consensuses stating, "Penny Dreadful is back for a beautifully bloody third season of ever-expanding mysteries and Gothic horrors."[37] Ben Travers of Indiewire gave it a "B+" grade and wrote, "Season 3's American-set storyline breaks things up nicely with some classic western elements mixed in with the show's established creature horrors, and the aesthetics of the production have never looked better."[38]

Ratings[edit]

The series debuted to 872,000 viewers (1.44 million including re-runs). This number does not include the 900,000 viewers who previewed the series on Showtime on Demand and the Showtime app.[39]

Accolades[edit]

YearAwardCategoryNominee(s)Result
2014Critics' Choice Television Awards[40]Most Exciting New SeriesPenny DreadfulWon
2015BAFTA Television Craft Awards[41]Best Costume DesignGabriella PescucciNominated
Best Make Up and Hair DesignEnzo Mastrantonio, Nick Dudman, Stefano CeccarelliWon
Best Original Television MusicAbel KorzeniowskiWon
Best Production DesignJonathan Mcknistry, Philip MurphyWon
Best TitlesErik Friedman, Rudy Jaimes, Ray BurrisNominated
Canadian Cinema Editors Awards[42]Best Editing in Long Form Television SeriesChristopher Donaldson (for: "Closer than Sisters")Won
Critics' Choice Television Awards[43]Best Actress in a Drama SeriesEva GreenNominated
Dorian Awards[42]Campy TV Show of the YearPenny DreadfulNominated
Fangoria Chainsaw Awards[42]Best TV ActorJosh HartnettNominated
Best TV ActressEva Green2nd place
Best TV Makeup/Creature FXNick DudmanNominated
Best TV SeriesPenny DreadfulNominated
Best TV Supporting ActorRory KinnearNominated
Best TV Supporting ActressBillie Piper3rd place
IGN Awards[44]Best TV ActressEva GreenWon
International Film Music Critics Awards[42]Best Original Score for a Television SeriesAbel KorzeniowskiNominated
Irish Film & Television Awards[42]Best Director – DramaDearbhla WalshNominated
MPSE Golden Reel Awards[42]Best Sound Editing – Dialogue and ADR for Short Form TelevisionJane Tattersall, David McCallum, Dale Sheldrake (for: "Séance")Nominated
Best Sound Editing – Sound Effects and Foley for Short Form TelevisionJane Tattersall, Oriol Tarragó, Andy Malcolm, Goro Koyama, David Rose, Marc Bech (for: "Night Work")Nominated
Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards[45]Outstanding Main Title Theme MusicAbel KorzeniowskiNominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic Score)Abel Korzeniowski (for: "Closer than Sisters")Nominated
Outstanding Prosthetic Makeup for a Series, Limited Series, Movie, or a SpecialNick Dudman, Sarita Allison, Barney Nikolic (for: "Grand Guignol")Nominated
Satellite Awards[46]Best Actress – Television Series DramaEva GreenNominated
Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television FilmRory KinnearWon
Best Television Series – GenrePenny DreadfulWon
VES Awards[42]Outstanding Created Environment in a Commercial, Broadcast Program or Video GameMatthew Borrett, Lorne Kqechansky, Graham Day, Jason Gougeon (for: "Séance")Nominated
Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Visual Effects-Driven Photoreal/Live Action Broadcast ProgramJames Cooper, Bill Halliday, Sarah McMurdo, Lorne Kwechansky (for: "Séance")Nominated
2016BAFTA Television Craft Awards[47]Best Make Up and HairEnzo Mastrantonio, Nick Dudman, Ferdinando MerollaNominated
Costume Designers Guild Awards[48]Outstanding Period Television SeriesGabriella PescucciNominated
Critics' Choice Television Awards[49]Best Actress in a Drama SeriesEva GreenNominated
Best Drama SeriesPenny DreadfulNominated
Best Guest Performer in a Drama SeriesPatti LuPoneNominated
Best Supporting Actress in a Drama SeriesHelen McCroryNominated
Fangoria Chainsaw Awards[50]Best TV ActorJosh HartnettNominated
Best TV ActressEva GreenWon
Best TV SeriesPenny DreadfulNominated
Best TV Supporting ActorRory KinnearNominated
Best TV Supporting ActressBillie PiperNominated
Golden Globe Awards[51]Best Actress – Television Series DramaEva GreenNominated
IGN Awards[52]Best Horror SeriesPenny DreadfulNominated
Irish Film & Television Awards[53]Best Actress in a Supporting Role – DramaSarah GreeneWon
Best Director – DramaBrian KirkNominated
Best DramaPenny DreadfulNominated
Make-Up Artists and Hair Stylists Guild Awards[54]Television and New Media – Best Period and/or Character Make-UpEnzo Mastrantonio, Clare LambeNominated
Television and New Media Series – Best Special Make-Up EffectsNick Dudman, Sarita AllisonNominated
Satellite Awards[55]Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television FilmHelen McCroryNominated
Best Television Series – GenrePenny DreadfulNominated
Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards[45]Outstanding Hairstyling for a Single-Camera SeriesFerdinando Merolla, Sevlene Roddy, Giuliano Mariano, Orla Carroll (for: "Glorious Horrors")Nominated
Outstanding Makeup for a Single-Camera Series (Non-Prosthetic)Enzo Mastrantanio, Clare Lambe, Caterina Sisto, Lorraine McCrann, Morna Ferguson (for: "Glorious Horrors")Nominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic Score)Abel Korzeniowski (for: "And They Were Enemies")Nominated
Outstanding Production Design for a Narrative Contemporary or Fantasy Program (One Hour or More)Johathan McKristy, Jo Riddel, Philip Murphy (for: "Fresh Hell, Evil Spirits in Heavenly Places, And Hell Itself My Only Foe")Nominated
Outstanding Prosthetic Makeup for a Series, Limited Series, Movie, or a SpecialNick Dudman, Sarita Allison, Barney Nikolic, Paul Spateri, Dennis Penkov (for: "And Hell Itself My Only Foe")Nominated
Outstanding Special Visual EffectsJames Cooper, Bill Halliday, Sarah McMurdo, Mai-Ling Lee, Greg Astles, Ricardo Gomez, Matt Ralph, Alexandre Scott, Kyle Yoneda (for: "And They Were Enemies")Nominated
Visual Effects Society Awards[56]Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Photoreal EpisodeJames Cooper, Bill Halliday, Sarah McMurdo, Mai-Ling Lee (for: "And They Were Enemies")Nominated
2017Bram Stoker Awards[57]Superior Achievement in a ScreenplayJohn Logan (for: "A Blade of Grass")Nominated
Canadian Cinema Editors Awards[58]Best Editing in 1 Hour ScriptedAaron Marshall (for: "A Blade of Grass")Won
Costume Designers Guild Awards[59]Outstanding Period Television SeriesGabriella PescucciNominated
Directors Guild of Canada Awards[60]Best Picture Editing – Television SeriesGeoff Ashenhurst (for: "The Blessed Dark")Nominated
Best Picture Editing – Television SeriesChristopher Donaldson (for: "The Day Tennyson Died")Nominated
Edgar Awards[61]TV Episode TeleplayJohn Logan (for: "A Blade of Grass")Won
Fangoria Chainsaw Awards[62]Best TV ActorJosh HartnettNominated
Best TV ActressEva GreenNominated
Golden Reel Awards[63]Best Sound Editing: TV Short Form – Dialogue/ADRDavid McCallum (for: "Ebb Tide")Won
Make-Up Artists & Hair Stylists Guild Awards[64]TV and New Media Series – Best Period/Character Make-UpEnzo Mastrantonio, Clare LambeNominated
TV and New Media Series – Best Period/Character Hair StylingLuca Vannella, Alexis ContinenteNominated
Television and New Media Series – Best Special Make-Up EffectsNick Dudman, Sarita AllisonNominated
Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards[45]Outstanding Hairstyling for a Single-Camera SeriesLuca Vanella, Alexis Continente, Sevlene Roddy, Joseph Whelan, Orla Carrol(for: "Ebb Tide")Nominated
Outstanding Makeup for a Single-Camera Series (Non-Prosthetic)Enzo Mastrantonio, Clare Lambe, Caterina Sisto, Lorraine McCrann, Morna Ferguson(for: "Perpetual Night")Nominated
Outstanding Prosthetic Makeup for a Series, Limited Series, Movie, or SpecialNick Dudman, Sarita Allison, Barney Nikolic, Dennis Penkov(for: "No Beast So Fierce")Nominated
Outstanding Production Design for a Narrative Contemporary or Fantasy Program (One Hour or More)Jonathan McKinstry, Jo Riddell, Philip Murphy(for: "Perpetual Night"/"The Blessed Dark")Nominated
Visual Effects Society Awards[65]Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Photoreal EpisodeJames Cooper, Bill Halliday, Sarah McMurdo, Mai-Ling Lee (for: "The Day Tennyson Died")Nominated

Comics[edit]

In 2015, Titan Books announced a comic book series based on Penny Dreadful, written by co-executive producer Chris King and writers Krysty Wilson-Cairns and Andrew Hinderaker.[66] The first issue was released on May 11, 2016.[67] In October 2016, Showtime announced that a new series would be released in 2017, set six months after the finale of the TV series. The project will be written by King, illustrated by Jesús Hervás, and published by Titan Books.[68]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Sam Mendes to direct vampire TV series?". The List. November 7, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  2. ^Tartaglione, Nancy (September 16, 2013). "Sky Atlantic To Co-Produce Showtime's 'Penny Dreadful'; Billie Piper Joins Cast". Deadline.com. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  3. ^"Penny Dreadful". South by Southwest. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  4. ^"Showtime(R) Samples the Premiere of Its Highly-Anticipated Series "Penny Dreadful" on Multiple Platforms Now" (Press release). Showtime. April 28, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2015. 
  5. ^Reiher, Andrea (January 16, 2014). "'Penny Dreadful,' 'Nurse Jackie' and 'Californication' get premiere dates". Zap2it. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ abPatten, Dominic (June 20, 2016). "'Penny Dreadful' Ends After 3 Seasons, Series Creator & Showtime Boss Confirm". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  7. ^Connolly, Kelly (June 20, 2016). "Penny Dreadful will not return for season 4". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  8. ^Goldberg, Lesley (August 26, 2013). "Spider-Man's Reeve Carney Nabs Key Role in Showtime's Penny Dreadful (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  9. ^Marechal, AJ (August 23, 2013). "Timothy Dalton Added to Showtime's 'Penny Dreadful' Cast". Variety. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ abGoldberg, Leslie (July 30, 2013). "Eva Green, Josh Hartnett to Star in Showtime's Penny Dreadful". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  11. ^ ab"Penny Dreadful: A New Narrative". Showtime. March 17, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  12. ^Rigby, Sam (August 20, 2013). "Billie Piper cast in Showtime's Penny Dreadful". RTÉ.ie. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  13. ^ abcRigby, Sam (September 16, 2013). "Penny Dreadful: Helen McCrory, Simon Russell Beale join cast". Digital Spy. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  14. ^Goldberg, Lesley (September 9, 2013). "Showtime Horror Drama Penny Dreadful Casts its Frankenstein". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ abcdefFriedlander, Whitney (September 1, 2015). "Patti LuPone Cast in a New Role for 'Penny Dreadful' Season 3". Variety. Retrieved September 1, 2015. 
  16. ^ abConnolly, Kelly (April 25, 2016). "Penny Dreadful showrunner John Logan promises a 'reckoning' in season 3". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 6, 2016. 
  17. ^Snetiker, Marc (October 29, 2015). "Penny Dreadful casts Brian Cox as Josh Hartnett's father – exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  18. ^Andersen, Asbjoern (June 30, 2014). "Creating the haunting, sinister sound of 'Penny Dreadful'". A Sound Effect. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  19. ^Andreeva, Nellie (January 12, 2013). "It's Official: Showtime Lands Horror Drama From 'Skyfall's John Logan & Sam Mendes". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  20. ^Goldberg, Lesley (June 18, 2013). "Juan Antonio Bayona to Direct Showtime's 'Penny Dreadful'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  21. ^Curtis, Chris (March 25, 2013). "Tax breaks to bring Showtime's Penny Dreadful to UK". ScreenDaily. Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  22. ^Cronin, Kevin (August 20, 2013). "Penny Dreadful, Set to Film in Ireland, Adds Billie Piper to Cast". IFTN. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  23. ^Tartaglione, Nancy (September 30, 2013). "Hollywood Pics Pack UK Soundstages As Space Crunch Starts To Squeeze". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  24. ^Kondolojy, Amanda (December 20, 2013). "Showtime Launches 'Penny Dreadful' Production Blog". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  25. ^Kondolojy, Amanda (February 14, 2014). "Showtime Releases Full-Length Trailer for 'Penny Dreadful' (Video)". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  26. ^Goldberg, Lesley (July 24, 2014). "Comic-Con: 'Penny Dreadful' to Play Up Helen McCrory's Madame Kali in Season 2". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 23, 2015. 
  27. ^Fienberg, Daniel (June 4, 2014). "Showtime renews 'Penny Dreadful' for an expanded second season". HitFix. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 

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